(E) According to the latest and 6th assessment report from the IPCC (The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) “emissions of greenhouse gases from human activities are responsible for approximately 1.1°C of warming since 1850-1900, and that averaged over the next 20 years, global temperature is expected to reach or exceed 1.5°C of warming.
The report projects that in the coming decades climate changes will increase in all regions. For 1.5°C of global warming, there will be increasing heat waves, longer warm seasons and shorter cold seasons. At 2°C of global warming, heat extremes would more often reach critical tolerance thresholds for agriculture and health, the report shows
Climate change is bringing multiple different changes in different regions:
- Climate change is intensifying the water cycle. This brings more intense rainfall and associated flooding, as well as more intense drought in many regions.
- Climate change is affecting rainfall patterns. In high latitudes, precipitation is likely to increase, while it is projected to decrease over large parts of the subtropics. Changes to monsoon precipitation are expected, which will vary by region.
- Coastal areas will see continued sea level rise throughout the 21st century, contributing to more frequent and severe coastal flooding in low-lying areas and coastal erosion. Extreme sea level events that previously occurred once in 100 years could happen every year by the end of this century.
- Further warming will amplify permafrost thawing, and the loss of seasonal snow cover, melting of glaciers and ice sheets, and loss of summer Arctic sea ice.
- Changes to the ocean, including warming, more frequent marine heatwaves, ocean acidification, and reduced oxygen levels have been clearly linked to human influence. These changes affect both ocean ecosystems and the people that rely on them, and they will continue throughout at least the rest of this century.
- For cities, some aspects of climate change may be amplified, including heat (since urban areas are usually warmer than their surroundings), flooding from heavy precipitation events and sea level rise in coastal cities.
The evidence is clear that carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main driver of climate change, even as other greenhouse gases and air pollutants also affect the climate.
Stabilizing the climate will require strong, rapid, and sustained reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, and reaching net zero CO2 emissions. Limiting other greenhouse gases and air pollutants, especially methane, could have benefits both for health and the climate.”
- Trailer video: https://vimeo.com/582884673
- Headlines: https://ipcc.ch/report/ar6/wg1/downloads/report/IPCC_AR6_WGI_Headline_Statements.pdf…
- Summary for Policymakers: https://ipcc.ch/report/ar6/wg1/downloads/report/IPCC_AR6_WGI_SPM.pdf…
- All the detailed Chapters: https://ipcc.ch/report/ar6/wg1/#FullReport…
- Interactive Atlas: https://interactive-atlas.ipcc.ch
Note: The picture above are Redwood trees from Big Sur.
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Categories: Environment, Sustainability